List of summaries, consolidations and regulations
The Victims of Crime Act, 1995
The Victims of Crime Act, 1995 forms the legislative basis for the Victims Services Program.
The Act provides for the collection of a surcharge on provincial offences and creates a dedicated fund to support programs and services for victims. Revenue from the provincial and federal surcharge collection is referred to as the "Victims Fund" and is the sole source of income for the Victims Services Program, including compensation for victims of crime.
A victim is a person who, by reason of an act that is in violation of criminal laws, has suffered harm, including physical or mental injury, emotional suffering or economic loss.
The Act contains guiding principles that set out how victims of crime should be treated by the criminal justice system, such as ensuring victims are treated with courtesy, compassion and respect. These principles are based on "Canada's Statement of Basic Principles of Justice for Victims of Crime 2003", approved by Ministers Responsible for Victims Services across Canada.